(i) Poverty has declined in India but not upto the desired level. (iv) In countries of South Asia (India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bangladesh and Bhutan) the decline has not been rapid. (i) Extreme economic poverty-defined by the World Bank as living on less than $ 1 per day has fallen from 28% in 1990 to 21% in 2001. These physical quantities are multiplied by their prices in rupees. This group is the poorest of the poor. Poverty as a Challenge Class 9 Notes Social Science Economics Chapter 3 Poverty is the most difficult challenge faced by independent India. Since they hardly have any savings they have to take loans which they are unable to. Education and 6. Urban Case. (i) Now poverty is looked through other social indicators like illiteracy level, lack of general resistance due to malnutrition, lack of access to healthcare, lack of job opportunities lack of accessÂ to safe drinking water, sanitation etc. Poverty is considered as one of the biggest challenges of independent India. (i) The proportion of the poor is not the same in every state. Dec 25, 2020 - Poverty as a Challenge : MCQ with Solution, Class 9 Class 8 Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of Class 8. (i) A common method used to measure poverty is based on the income or consumption levels. The concept of poverty line is based on the fact that a person must have a minimum level of income and consumption to satisfy the basic needs of food, clothing, clean water, education and healthcare.â, âPrime Minister Rojgar Yojana (PMRY) : The aim of this programme (which was started in 1993) was to create self-employment opportunities for educated unemployed youth in rural areas and small towns. The programme aims at bringing the assisted poor families above the poverty line by organising them into self help groups through a mix of bank credit and government. Chapter 3 Poverty as a Challenge. (vii) Small farmers need money to buy agricultural inputs like seeds fertilisers, pesticides etc. Poverty is the most difficult challenge faced by independent India. The programme aims at bringing the assisted poor families above the poverty line. Urban poverty is high in Odisha, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. Question Bank for 9th Class Social Science Poverty as a Challenge Very Short Answer Type Questions - .. Study Material and Notes of Ch 3 Poverty as a Challenge Class 9th Economics Topics in the Chapter • Overview • Introduction • Poverty as seen by social scientists • Poverty Line • Poverty Estimates • Inter-State Disparities • Global Poverty Scenario • Causes of Poverty • Anti-Poverty Measures • The Challenges Ahead. (vi) In Latin America the ratio of poverty remained the same. Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, 2005 – It aimed to provide 100 days of wage employment to every household to ensure livelihood security in rural areas. Fuel and Light 5. Poverty trends in India and the world are illustrated through the concept of the poverty line. One-third of the proposed jobs have been reserved for women. The poverty line is a method to measure poverty based on income or consumption levels. In West Bengal, land reform measures have helped in reducing poverty. Similarly, among the economic groups, the most vulnerable groups are the rural agricultural labour households and urban casual labour households. The notes which we have mentioned below comprise all the concepts mentioned in the chapter. Ans: In India poverty line is measured or calculated considering the following factors required for subsistence: 1. Odisha and Bihar are the poorest states of India with poverty ratios of 47 per cent and 43 per cent respectively. 2. 1,500 a month when he finds employment, which is not often. Contents. (iii) Low rate of growth persisted, leading to less jobs and low incomes. The proportion of people below poverty line further came down to about 26% in 2000. This document is highly rated by Class 8 students and has been viewed 45538 times. 2. In India, the poverty line is determined through a minimum level of food requirement, clothing, footwear, fuel and light, educational and medical requirement, etc.. Tips, Tricks and Business Ideas. Class IX Subject: Economics . CBSE quick revision note for class-9 Economics, Chemistry, Math’s, Biology and other subject are very helpful to revise the whole syllabus during exam days. Under British control, India had a low level of economic development. In China and Southeast Asian countries, poverty declined substantially as a result of rapid economic growth and massive investments in human resource development. Some of the examples of poor people are : daily wage workers at construction sites, child labourers in dhabas, rickshaw-pullers, domestic servants, cobblers, beggars, etc. Free Question Bank for 9th Class Social Science Poverty as a Challenge. repay and fall into a debt trap leading to extreme poverty. like textiles. (i) While determining the poverty line in India a minimum level of food requirement, clothing, footwear, fuel and light, educational and medical requirement are determined for subsistence.Â These physical quantities are multiplied by their prices in rupees. In India poverty is calculated on the basis of the desired calorie requirement. Bihar and Odisha continued to be the two poorest states with poverty ratios of 33.7 and 32.6 percent respectively. Â (a) This scheme was launched in 2004 in 150 most backward districts of the country. (vi) Apart from these social groups, women, elderly people and female infants are systematically denied equal access to resources available to the family. While preparing the CBSE Class 9 Economics notes Chapter 3 – Poverty as a Challenge, we took help from subject matter experts. Required fields are marked *, Economics Chapter 3 Poverty as a Challenge â Notes & Study Material. (iii) The accepted average calorie requirement in India 2,400 calories per person per day in rural areas and 2,100 calories per person per day in urban areas. (ii) Analysis of poverty based onÂ social exclusion and vulnerability is now becoming very common. With these notes, students can understand every concept thoroughly and will make the exam preparation easier. The proportion of people below the poverty line further came down to about 22 per cent in 2011–12. Chapter wise Study notes for Class IX cbse students. (vii) States like Punjab and Haryana have traditionally succeeded in reducing poverty with the help of high agricultural growth rates. When a person is unable to fulfill his basic needs of food, clothing and shelter, then he is said to be living in poverty.Â One of the biggest challenges of independent India has been to bring millions of its people out of abject poverty. Causes of poverty, as well as anti-poverty measures taken by the government, are also discussed. (vi) Poverty line is updated periodically (normally every 5 years) by conducting sample surveys carried out by National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO). Global poverty scenario : There has been a substantial decline in global poverty. (a) This scheme was launched in 2004 in 150 most backward districts of the country. However, these were not enough to absorb all the job seekers. Solution: A common method used to measure poverty is based on income or consumption levels. New policies of the colonial government ruined traditional handicrafts and discouraged development of industries. CBSE Class 9 Revision Notes and Key Points. Since the eighties, India’s economic growth has been one of the fastest in the world. (v) In sub Saharan Africa poverty rose from 41% in 1981 to 46% in 2001. (b) These unemployed youth are helped in setting up small business and industries. Thirty-three year old Ram Saran works as a daily-wage labourer in a wheat flour mll near Ranchi in Jharkhand. Minimum level of food requirement, 2. Relative Poverty: This is a condition of inequality compared to the general population of the society. So, go ahead and check the Important Question & Practice Paper for Class 9 Social Science (Economics) Poverty as a Challenge from the link given below in this article. NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Social Science Economics Chapter 3 Poverty as a challenge Economics Class 9 Ncert Solutions Chapter 3 Poverty as a challenge. 2. It aims to explore the prevalent poverty in the country in detail along with various other important subtopics. It is considered as the best study material to revise the entire chapter quickly. Last Updated on September 17, 2020 By Mrs Shilpi Nagpal 1 Comment ☛ NCERT Solutions – Chapter 3 Poverty as a Challenge . Poverty: A general scarcity of basic necessities of life is called poverty. Poverty is the lack of basic human needs such as Nutrition, health care education, clothing and shelter, because of the inability to afford them. Vulnerability to poverty is a measure which describes the greater probability of certain communities of becoming or remaining poor in the coming years. On the basis of these calculations, for the year 2011–12, the poverty line for a person was fixed at Rs 816 per month for rural areas and Rs 1000 for urban areas. Similarly 50% of casual workers in urban areas are below poverty line, About 50% of the landless agricultural workers and 43% of scheduled castes are also poor. In this chapter, students will study one of the biggest challenges faced by independent India, i.e., poverty. 5. MCQ Questions for Class 9 Economics: Ch 3 Poverty as a Challenge In Sub-Saharan Africa, poverty declined from 51 per cent in 2005 to 41 per cent in 2015. Later, the scheme will be extended to 600 districts. 3. (ix) The Millennium Development Goals of the United Nations calls for reducing the proportion of people living on less than $ 1 a day to half the 1990 level by 2015. (v) 51 out of 100 people belonging to scheduled tribes are not able to meet their basic needs. There is a substantial decline in poverty rates in India from about 55% in 1973 to 36% in 1993. The accepted average calorie requirement in India is 2400 calories per person per day in rural areas and 2100 calories per person per day in urban areas. Dec 21, 2020 - Chapter Notes - Poverty as a Challenge, Economics, Class 9 | EduRev Notes is made by best teachers of Class 9. This is why the economics class 9 chapter 3 Poverty As A Challenge is an important subject of study, and the notes of economics class 9 chapter 3 are extremely helpful.
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