The Laodiceans produced a glossy, black wool that was prized by the wealthy all over the world. Underground piping in Laodicea. Dr. John McRay wrote of the water supply in Archaeology and the New Testament: “Water piped into Laodicea by aqueduct from the south was so concentrated with minerals that the Roman engineers designed vents, capped by removable stones, so the aqueduct … Lukewarm water is an emetic, which is a nice way of saying it makes you vomit. The city of Laodicea, currently located in modern Turkey, was situated in the Lycus valley, about 45 miles southeast of Philadelphia and about 100 miles east of Ephesus. It was the only church Christ did not commend for anything. When an earthquake destroyed parts of the city in 61 A. D., it refused aid from Rome and used its own resources to rebuild. . The water supplied by the spring ... was tepid and nauseous by the time it was piped to Laodicea, unlike the therapeutic hot water of Hierapolis or the refreshing cold water of Colossae (Rudwick and Green 1958); hence the Lord's words, 'Would that … Jesus, in essence, is saying: If you were you hot (e.g., good for bathing or cooking) or cold (e.g., good for drinking), you might be useful for something. The Laodiceans produced a glossy, black wool that was prized by the wealthy all over the world. D. Thousands of people visited Hierapolis to bathe in the spas and drink the water due to the claims that the water had medicinal benefits. . A Jewish apocalyptic writer referred to ‘Laodicea . The archaeology shows Laodicea had an aqueduct that probably carried water from hot mineral springs some five miles south, which would have become tepid … Structures were maintained and improved throughout the Hellenistic and Roman periods. The city of Laodicea had tremendous wealth but yet they had terrible water and a poor supply system Six miles north in the city of Hierapolis were famous hot springs. The city was not established with a sufficient water supply for a large city. Like Like. The major weakness of Laodicea was its lack of a water supply. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Masturbatory Worship and the Contemporary Church. They did have one inadequacy, however—their water supply. These rivers provided the water the crops and flocks needed in the Lycos valley. It also had a large clothing operation. . . The water supply in Laodicea was almost undrinkable, and this is used by Christ as a metaphor for the quality of their Christian works: No healing qualities like the hot water that originated in Hierapolis. . More driven by trade, its builders located it where the roads crossed. . The system had features like those of the water systems in other cities, including provisions for keeping the pipes free-flowing. An article in the Hurriyet Daily News says the city’s water supply is still controlled 1,900 years later. It was a centre for fine wool, ointments, banking, among other things. What then? Tacitus records an earthquake in the 7th year of Nero AD 61 (Annals 14.27.) Church and ministry leadership resources to better equip, train and provide ideas for today's church and ministry leaders, like you. More driven by trade, its builders located it where the roads crossed. Laodicea was a wealthy city during the Roman period. They are tepid, objectionable, and something to be vomited out of the mouth” (344). However, the city had much in its favor, and of special note were its three main industries. . Smyrna was supposed to have died and risen, yet that imagery would have been even more appropriate for Sardis, Philadelphia, and Laodicea, all of which were rebuilt following earthquakes during the early imperial period” (233). This valley was a primary trade route between the cultures of the West and East. There are seven letters, starting in chapter 2 and ending at the end of chapter 3. Moreover, the excavations in the area of the northern necropolis of Laodicea have demonstrated that the settlement had already existed in this location before the foundation of the … As such, they needed water transported in through aqueducts from a spring six miles away. The works of a Christian which come about through gospel transformation should exert a healing and restorative influence. The Laodiceans produced a glossy, black wool that was prized by the wealthy all over the world. The location would seemingly be ideal were it not for the city’s vulnerable water supply. Laodicea was founded between 261 and 246 BC near city of Colossae. the Main Spring). The eye salve was called "collyrium," probably a reference to how it was applied—that … . In fact, visitors praised the quality of Laodicean water: The Laodiceans are unlike the hot or cold drink that a banqueter might desire. In fact, visitors praised the quality of Laodicean water: “Laodicea’s water was of good quality. . The church thought of itself as rich and in need of nothing from Christ. When it left the mountains, it was ice cold, but by the time it made that trip all the way down the mountains to Laodicea, it was lukewarm. o Colosse was known for its cold refreshing mountain stream. An article in the Hurriyet Daily News says the city’s water supply is still controlled 1,900 years later. Unfortunately, Laodicea was not established near an adequate water supply. This valley was a primary trade route between the cultures of the West and East. The judgment against this church is that they are LUKEWARM (v. 15).The water supply to Laodicea came from a hot spring so the water in the city was indeed LUKEWARM (tepid).In this case, of course, it is the spiritual condition of the church that is being described.Rather than denying Christ, they made an empty profession.According to verse 16, this is nauseating to God. Laodicea depended on water from the neighboring city of Hierapolis located ten kilometers (six miles) to the north. , but studies of the water system do not bear this out. A series of dictionary and encyclopedia articles on Laodicea can be found at NetBible. This was a city with no water supply. from 3500 to 3000 BCE. Small city until after the Roman period began: then rapidly became great and rich, the center of banking and financial transactions. The water was imported to Laodicea via the system of aqueducts, pipes, and syphons, from a spring known today as Başpınar (i.e. Here is the actual piping … This need was met by bringing water six miles north from Denizli through a system of stone pipes (another sign of Laodicea's wealth)" (Holman Bible Dictionary, 1994, Parson's Technology, "Laodicea"). It was a pipe system. Leave a Reply Cancel reply. In short, “The Laodiceans are unlike the hot or cold drink that a banqueter might desire. Very few remains remain. . And lukewarm water is not very good. They are tepid, objectionable, and something to be vomited out of the mouth”, Identity Politics vs. Transactional Politics. Laodicea, you see, had no reliable springs, no reliable city water of their own, so they imported their water. Like Like. The warm, sulphur water was nauseating to the taste and smell. Colossae was supplied by fresh, cold mountain springs coming down from nearby Mt. Destroyed by earthquake in 60 AD. Aqueducts were used in or around all of the cities in Revelation. Jimmy; March 16, 2017; Nice observations, thanks. Water … The water came from about six miles south of the city. . Laodicea was known as a place where the water supply, which came to the town through six miles of aqueduct, was neither hot nor cold, which is how Jesus described that city’s church. The rivers were easy to symbolize on coins; their names, Lycus (Λύκος) and Caprus (κάπρος) mean wolf and boar, respectively, in Greek. This is about water. Reply. Laodicea was also known for its medical school [school of ophthalmology] which concocted a spice nard for the treatment of the ears and an eyesalve. A sophisticated network of channels, pipes, reservoirs, and … However, in contrast, there was one major weakness of this city. This is Apostel John’s letter to the Church in Laodicea, as it is on display at the church: “To the angel of the church in Laodicea write: These are the words of the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the ruler of … At the foot of Mount Cadmus, it benefited from an endless supply of cold, freshwater coming down from the snow caps. A donor named Hedychrous gave his name to part of the first-century water system of the city. The sheep in the area were noted for their soft, violet-black, glossy wool. The water supply in Laodicea was almost undrinkable, and this is used by Christ as a metaphor for the quality of their Christian works: No healing qualities like the hot water that originated in Hierapolis. "The lukewarmness for which, thanks to this letter, the name of Laodicea has become proverbial, may reflect the condition of the city's water supply. For all its wealth, Laodicea lacked its own water supply, so it imported water from the south through a six-mile-long aqueduct. Chilled and warm wine were both popular drinks. The water traveled to a 16 foot tall water tower for distribution across the city. . Posted January 20, 2020. . but an essential resource that enabled the city to thrive. Like Like. Both the cold water imported from Colossae and the hot water imported from Hierapolis would be lukewarm by the time it was piped to Laodicea. “In contrast to Hierapolis with its medicinal hot springs or Colossae with its refreshing supply of cold water, However, the city had much in its favor, and of special note were its three main industries. It had been built for its defensive position overlooking the road system. Underground piping in Laodicea. More driven by trade, its builders located it where the roads crossed. Still, nowadays, the church is most famous as the 7th Church of Revelation. . . Unfortunately, Laodicea was not established near an adequate water supply. Laodicea received its water through an aqueduct coming from a spring four miles to the south. As a result, they were indifferent to social issues. Today, we look at the final letter, the letter to the church at Laodicea. This was a city with no water supply. Therefore, the water arrived foul, dirty, and tepid – lukewarm, just like the people in the church. . The water supply for the city came from hot mineral springs about five miles from the city. Since at least the early 20th century, commentators have claimed that the messages to the seven churches in Revelation 2–3 are packed with local allusions that the recipients would have recognized (see, for instance, W.M. These rivers provided the water the crops and flocks needed in the Lycos valley. Smyrna was supposed to have died and risen, yet that imagery would have been even more appropriate for Sardis, Philadelphia, and Laodicea, all of which were rebuilt following earthquakes during the early imperial period” (233). The root of this whole metaphor comes from Laodicea ’s city water supply. This need was met by bringing water six miles north from Denizli through a system of stone pipes (another sign of Laodicea's wealth). Reply. Although it had earlier been called Diospolis and then Rhoas, Antiochus II of Syria “named it for his wife Laodike” and “populated it with Syrians and with Jews who were transplanted from Babylonia to the cities of Phrygia and Lydia” (International Standard Bible Encyclopedia… The water supply for the city came from hot mineral springs about five miles from the city. Laodicea is located in the Lycus River Valley of western Asia Minor, near the influential, ancient cities of Hierapolis and Colossae. Because these people had retired, they concluded they had served their purpose and had reached their goal. When it left the mountains, it was ice cold, but by the time it made that trip all the way down the mountains to Laodicea, it was lukewarm. . As such, they needed water transported in through aqueducts from a spring six miles away. Koester suggests that the imagery has to do with hospitality. When a guest arrived, his host might offer him wine chilled with snow, or wine mixed with warmed water. The major weakness of Laodicea was its lack of a water supply. o Laodicea had a twin city, Hierapolis, 6 miles away, that was known for its hot springs. The eye salve was called … No refreshment like the cold water that originated in Colosse. Laodicea had access to water from two rivers and two springs, the main one located five miles south of the city. That fits with the overall imagery of the message to Laodicea, which ends with an explicit reference to a banquet. What is in view here is Laodicea’s spiritual pride and complacency. There are seven letters, starting in chapter 2 and ending at the end of chapter 3. The excavations conducted in Laodicea and its immediate neighbourhood have shown that the oldest traces of human activity in the area can be dated to the period of the Late Chalcolithic and the Early Bronze Age periods, i.e. To make their theory work, some interpreters imagine that Laodicea’s water originated at the hot springs of Hierapolis northwest of Laodicea. This need was met by bringing water six miles north from Denizli through a system of stone pipes [water conveyed to Laodicea through these pipes was lukewarm by the time it reached the city]" (Holman Bible Dictionary, 1994, "Laodicea"). 6. Second, it was not as though Laodicea had no water supply or even a bad one (how could a Roman city flourish without a good water Supply?) In contrast, the nearby city of Hierapolis was known for its hot springs and mineral baths, while the city of Colossae seems to have had cold water sources. Nearly every one of the supposed local references could be applied to several of the cities. Hieropolis had its mineral—laden hot springs. To be offered lukewarm wine was an insult to the guest and a mark against the host. Jesus, in Revelation, was not pleased with the tepid Christians in Laodicea and he compares them to their lukewarm water supply. The rivers were easy to symbolize on coins; their names, Lycus (Λύκος) and Caprus (κάπρος) mean wolf and boar , respectively, in Greek. Unlike the nearby city of Hierapolis, with its hot springs famed for their healing properties, and Colossae, with its refreshing cold water, Laodicea had no permanent water supply. 3:17 I am rich. . What does Jesus mean by rejecting the “lukewarm” Laodiceans and wishing for hot or cold? A sophisticated network of channels, pipes, reservoirs, and fountains supplied the city’s needs. This need was met by bringing water six miles north from Denizli through a system of stone pipes (another sign of Laodicea's wealth)" (Holman Bible Dictionary, 1994, Parson's Technology, "Laodicea"). 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